A Quick Guide To California Employment Discrimination Laws
California employment discrimination laws are designed to help prevent discrimination in the workplace based on attributes such as race, religion, age, gender, and many others. While California employment discrimination laws affect employers and employees at the state level, there are also Federal employment discrimination laws in place as well.
California Employment Discrimination Law Requirements
In the state of California, businesses with five or more employees are subject to the state’s antidiscrimination law.
Under federal law, businesses with 15 or more employees are covered by Title VII, the primary law prohibiting employment discrimination, the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, which prohibits discrimination based on genetic information.
Businesses with 20 or more employees are subject to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) — the federal law that prohibits discrimination against employees 40 years or older.
Companies with four or more employees must comply with the employment discrimination provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of citizenship status.
Finally, all businesses of any size must pay men and women equally for doing equal work, by virtue of the Equal Pay Act.
California Employment Discrimination Law Classes
In all 50 states, federal law makes it illegal to discriminate based on:
- National origin
- Sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions)
- Age (40 and older)
- Citizenship status
- Genetic information
Additionally, California also prohibits discrimination based on:
- Marital status
- Sexual orientation and identity
- Medical condition
- Political activities or affiliations
- Military or veteran status
- Status as a victim of domestic violence, assault, or stalking
California Employment Discrimination Law Regulation
The government agency responsible for regulating California employment discrimination laws is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
You can contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by calling 800-669-4000 or check out its website at www.eeoc.gov. The website will help you locate an EEOC field office in California.
The Department of Fair Employment and Housing, Sacramento District Office enforces state antidiscrimination law in California. You can contact the Department of Fair Employment and Housing, Sacramento District Office at 916-478-7200 or 800-884-1684 or go to its website.
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